Entry and Duration of Status (D/S) For F-1 Students
- Initial F-1 students may enter the U.S. a maximum of 30 days prior to the start of their program.
Upon entry, an F-1 student has "duration of status" (D/S) entered on his or her I-94 rather than a specific expiration date. D/S means that the student's status does not expire until 60 days after both the educational program and optional practical training are completed.
The 60 days allotted for departure (also known as the "grace period") may be used to prepare for departure, change to H-1B or another status, or transfer to another school. If the student does not change to another status or transfer to another school, he or she MUST depart the U.S. within 60 days.
An F-1 student may lose status if he or she works without authorization, falls below a full-time course load without permission, transfers to a new school without completing the required steps, fails to complete his or her course of study and is ineligible for extension, or has left the U.S. for more than five months.